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What is Software - Types of Software

A set of instructions given to the computer to perform a specific tasks, is called software. Software is also called computer program. Software tells the computer what to do and how to do. A computer performs different operations according to the instructions of software. Software is developed in computer programming language.

Types of Software
Software can be classified into following two main categories or types.
  1. System Software
  2. Application Software

1- System Software
    A program or set of programs that is especially designed to control different operations of computer system is called system software. It controls the working of different components of the computer. The system software also enables the other application programs to execute properly.

Operating systems, utility programs, and device drivers are the examples of system software. Operating system is the main and the most popular type of system software.

2- Application Software
    A program or set of programs that is specially designed to solve the specific problems of users, are called application software. It is also known as software package.

There are different kinds of application software such as commercial software, scientific software, financial packages, Games, multimedia software etc.

Categories of Application Software
The application software is divided into two main categories:
  1. Custom-built software
  2. Packaged software
1- Custom-built software
    The software that is developed for a particular customer or organization is called custom-built software. It is also known as customized software. For example, software developed to maintain the records of students of a particular college is an example of custom-built software.

2- Packaged Software
    The software that is developed for sale to the general public is called packaged software. Packaged software is used to solve some common problem of many people or users.

Some examples of packaged software;
  • Word processor such as MS-Word
  • Spreadsheet such as MS-Excel
  • Database software such as MS-Access
  • Graphics software such as Adobe Photoshop and CorelDraw
  • Communication software such as Internet Explorer

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